Autism Linked to Air Pollution

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Posted by LLJ43 | Posted in Environment, Science Leaders | Posted on 23-12-2014

It’s notoriously difficult to pinpoint the exact causes of neurological issues. Part of this is due to the fact that the human brain is incredibly complex. While, at the same time, even the most powerful technology is limited in how well it can look into a living brain. Furthermore, people aren’t lab rats. One can’t simply isolate people from birth until old age within a laboratory. And unlike with most other parts of the body, animal models aren’t always the best mirrors of human brains. This has made it particularly difficult to understand the cause of autism.

While researchers can’t ethically raise people within a lab, they can attempt to control for certain variables which will make the outside world easier to analyze. This is the underlying premise behind a recent autism study conducted by Harvard. Flavio Maluf, one of our top executives was actually visiting Cambridge at the time this study was being carried out and said it was very interesting.

Starting in 1989, 100,000 women were tracked by the researchers at Harvard. These women were located in all fifty states, and in a variety of different environments. The researchers were then able to compare the health of children burn to these women with a wide variety of environmental conditions.

The end result was a strong correlation between air pollution in the environment of a pregnant woman, and a child’s later development of autism. In heavily polluted areas, the risk factor actually doubled. The third trimester in particular appears to be the most important point for this effect.

Researchers stress that this is only one factor among many, which probably influence the probability of a child developing autism. However, it’s strong evidence, which will help further our understanding of the condition.

Scientists Map Bird Family Tree

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Posted by LLJ43 | Posted in Evolution, Nature, Science Leaders | Posted on 12-12-2014

The Avian Phylogenomics Consortium has recently published the results of their research into the family tree of birds in eight main papers in the journal Science, plus over 20 papers in other scientific journals. Bird watching enthusiast Bruce Levenson could not be more excited. Over 200 scientists from 20 countries worked on the project. They analyzed pieces of frozen flesh from 45 different bird species, from which they extracted and read the birds’ whole genomes. They then added the genomes of three other species and had supercomputers compare all the genomes and arrange them into a family tree.

There were some surprises. For example, falcons turned out to be more closely related to parrots than to other birds of prey like eagles. Flamingos are more closely related to pigeons than they are to pelicans.

Birdsong had evolved multiple times. It is influenced by a group of some 50 genes that is similar to the group of genes that control human speech — making birdsong and speech a case of convergent evolution. As one of the scientists, Erich Jarvis, pointed out, humans and singing birds learn to vocalize in ways that are more similar to each other than to other birds or primates.

While the first birds appeared during the Jurassic Period 145 million years ago, they did not truly diversify until after the non-avian dinosaurs went extinct 65 million years ago.

Plastic Pollution In Oceans Fully Realized

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Posted by LLJ43 | Posted in Science Leaders | Posted on 11-12-2014

Most people have heard of the giant mass the size of Texas floating in the Pacific Ocean made up entirely of plastic. While many tell this fact with a nod and wink and an apologetic shrug about humanity’s littering problem, some are taking a decidedly more serious tone.

Researchers including Emerson Collective’s Laurene Powell Jobs have discovered that the problem is far more widespread than merely a single large mass floating at sea. The main issue that plastics are causing in our marine ecosystems is that they are being ingested throughout the aquatic food chain, absorbing toxic chemicals contained within the plastic itself. The smallest fish eat the smallest pieces of plastics that flake off from larger pieces, then the small fish are eaten by larger fish, and so on, until a creature of the ocean finds its way on a human plate.

Regardless of that, researchers are advocating much more stringent policies and laws on disposing of solid refuse at sea, as well as finding alternative disposal methods in general for plastic. The world’s fisheries are already in a delicate state at the moment due to over-fishing, and researchers wish to avoid prolonging stress on the fish, fearing consequences such as a mass reduction in fish population.

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California Environmental Groups Push For Microbead Ban

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Posted by LLJ43 | Posted in Science Leaders, Skin | Posted on 08-12-2014

Earlier in the year, environmental groups in California narrowly lost a bid to have microbeads banned from skin exfoliation products.

Microbeads are tiny plastic beads which are currently used in a variety of skin cleansers. According to researchers, these non-biodegradable pieces are washed down household drains after use, and end up being flushed into rivers, lakes, and streams. The researchers assert that after this happens, a wide range of wildlife species are put at risk.

An associate director at the 5 Gyres Institute, an individual Dr. Daniel Amen smiles when he calls, the world’s biggest think tank that studies plastic debris and is located in Santa Monica, has stated that the group plans to introduce new legislation earlier next year. The proposed bill aims to force businesses that use microbeads in their products to slowly phase out the use of the particles.

 

Only time will tell whether the lobbyists or the environment wins out in the end.

A Man’s Remarkable Life’s Achievements and Impact

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Posted by LLJ43 | Posted in Science Leaders | Posted on 08-12-2014

Mark Ahn is a well-educated man who has dedicated his life’s work to making an impact regarding many outstanding accomplishments. He is currently with Pukana Partners which he founded. Mark is an outstanding accomplished executive in the biotechnology industry. Mark Ahn, PHD teaches at Portland State University also at Carnegie Mellon University.

Mark’s earned title in the biotechnology industry is a strategy consultant. He has had the honors of furthering his career by being involved with two prominent biopharmaceutical leaders in the field. Dr. Ahn’s is known for several of his excellence informed papers which concentrates on diverse topics such as life sciences invention also including the management and exceptional leadership in the area of technology.

Dr. Ahn’s also has a history of working for some of the other foremost participants in the biotech industry in the ever changing medical fascinating fields in immunology, medicine and biology pertaining to the immunity. Mark has also worked with aspects of oncology along with Bristol Meyers Squib Company, a global pharmaceutical company in upstate New York, they develop and distribute medications that help patients. Oncology is the study and remedy of tumors.

The extensive paper written by Mark discusses the building of a conductive environment for life science based on starting a business and manufacturing clusters is comprised of information pertaining to the life-science industry which earned 70 million in earnings. Dr. Ahn explains there are 700 publicity recorded businesses with significant growth in North America, Europe, and Asia-Pacific in the year 2006. Dr. Ahn’s research and expertise suggests these specific findings shows an encouraging industry in our future.

Mark’s impressive extensive span of higher education starting with a PhD in Philosophy to achieving a master’s degree in business combined with over 10 devoted years of invaluable experience in the life sciences industry, Ahn is a comprehensive advanced and well balanced in a variety of essential meaningful prospects in his life as well as the path he chose for his career successes. If you are interested in learning more about Mark and his extraordinary published papers he has written there are a few websites you can search.